TO THOSE persons seeking discussion for Sundays coming forth in the lectionary, we offer a listing according to the three-year calendar.
On the right-hand column of this page, please find the past corresponding year for lectionary years A, B, or C.
And then search the appropriate month in each for a discussion concerning the gospel reading.

Tuesday, May 20, 2014

On Knowing the Lord...

THE READING offered for the Sixth Sunday of Easter comes to us as continuation from last week’s lesson. The Gospel According to Saint John related further what our Lord Jesus taught to his disciples during the Passover feast. The discourse occurred just before his Crucifixion and death on the cross. Jesus said…

“If you love me, you will keep my commandments. And I will pray the Father, and he will give you another Counselor, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him; you know him, for he dwells with you, and will be in you.
 I will not leave you desolate; I will come to you. Yet a little while, and the world will see me no more, but you will see me; because I live, you will live also. In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.
  He who has my commandments and keeps them, he it is who loves me; and he who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and manifest myself to him.” (John 14:15-21)

Divine Love and Obedience…
As we study this text from John, we hear the first phrase which begins “If you love me…”. We are thus driven to note that the Greek text expressed a specific word for “love”. The word used, “agapate” in the original writings, describes not just love as we know it generally, but a particular kind of love. Our commonly used English word “love”, spoken in the Greek language of the day… can come out expressed as either of three different words: First we highlight the word “eros”, which is physical love such as that sexual love that may be accomplished between a man and wife. Second is the word “phileo”, as such found in the name “Philadelphia”, the city of “brotherly” love. This latter neighborly form is not to be confused with the eros expression. And finally, the word love as we read here, “agapate… means “divine” or “perfect” love. This last type cannot be developed, learned or obtained by humans through any means. Agape is only present as gifted to us by God.
 With these distinctions of the Greek language in mind, since the Johannine writings are penned as such, we see that Jesus was laying down a particular state of being. He was telling his disciples that “if” divine, gifted love is expressed toward him... that love must be demonstrated by keeping his commandments.
 We may rightly ask therefore, "Is this then a new law for us?" Indeed it is good to question, but it takes us beyond the dictated Law as expressed in the Ten Commandments.
 In comparison, we learn that Jesus commandments do not differ in legal expression… but the motivation that causes their keeping changes. Such love was expressed as example by Jesus at the beginning of the disciples' gathering that night...

“If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet. For I have given you an example, that you also should do as I have done to you. Truly, truly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him. If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them." (John 13:14-16)

 In contrast, let us quickly examine the commandments as then understood by the culture of the Jews and early Christian churches. First, consider the words of Jesus that occurred in the temple at Jerusalem…

“And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, to test him. Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?’
 And he said to him, ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the law and the prophets.’ ”
                                                                               (Matthew 22:35-40)

 Thus it was that Jesus summarized all of the commandments of the Decalogue (Ten Commandments). He condensed the Law into two mandates. In brief, these commands stressed for us to… "Love God, and love one another!"
 Therefore the commands, taken as they should be obeyed… in the extreme… mean for us that this behavior is something to be accomplished at all times and in all places by everyone. These two commands were spoken universally by Jesus in the Temple to Pharisees, Sadducees, Zealots, and indeed… to all of the listeners present. The commands of the Law historically stated in both Exodus and Leviticus were thus not changed; even though some deviations do exist between the ancient texts.
 We note that Jesus summarized the Law… simplified the Law… yet made them no less difficult to obey. In fact, the condensing shows us that even in its simplest form, the Law cannot be obeyed by persons such as we who are immersed in original sin from a time before our birth. The commands serve primarily to show us our sinfulness, and then drive us to seek salvation from the punishment of God’s judgment.
 Added to this, according to John’s writing in the setting of the Upper Room, our Lord previously had provided specific instructions to the disciples… 

A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; even as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.” (John 13:34)

 In this setting therefore, Jesus was speaking to the infant Church which had not yet realized its calling. He radicalized the Law, and called them into an obedience far beyond that which is humanly possible. The love he called them to is expressed as divine, sacrificial love. This is the sort of love that Jesus demonstrated before them as he, though sinless… died upon the cross for our salvation. He paid the penalty of the perfect, loving Law! In that way, Jesus truly disarmed the power of evil and substituted himself for us… enabling that his disciples could be called to do similarly. Those hearing this message in the churches of John thus realized Jesus’ mandate unto “divine” love.
 So it is that we who follow our Lord may echo their thoughts. We may ask these two-fold … “How was this hard and perfect way possible for those first disciples? How is it possible for us?’
 Our author immediately supplied the answer. The message was nested into the flow of this reading.  As John related, Jesus told them that he would pray and ask his Father to send a spiritual “alongside stander” (in Greek known as the Paraclete ).
 We know that persons within the sinful world around them… working their own way… cannot know this helper. The Paraclete is the Holy Spirit who is given by God the Father. This Spirit was already with them and would be in them. This was the Spirit present in Christ, but was not yet recognized by the disciples as being within them.. Recognition soon came fully to them, This was told by the disciples during the Pentecost festival that occurred after the Resurrection of Jesus. We note…

This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses. Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this which you see and hear.” (Acts 2:32-33)

 Certainly, witness occurs only by fully receiving this Spirit, a work of God that begins for us mightily in baptism. In this Spirit we as disciples possess the ability to truly love. With the power of the Holy Spirit, we learn to love with the same divine, sacrificial giving love that our Lord demonstrated. Truly the sacrifice of Jesus upon the cross reconciled us with God and showed us through the power of the Holy Spirit what true divine love looks like. The Spirit brings us to accept his loving gift. I speak here against any heresy that would claim any credit for God’s work. This reconciliation to God is that which we cannot do for ourselves, and in receiving it through the Holy Spirit we may therefore be reconciled with one another.

Keep His Commandments…
As Christians, therefore, please know that we cannot build a foundation for any Christian church witness without proper guidance. This foundation comes from scripture rightly taught through the work of the Holy Spirit. This is true for us... just as it was for those who first heard John’s gospel…

“Jesus answered, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born anew.’ The wind blows where it wills, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know whence it comes or whither it goes; so it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit. (John 3:5-8)

 We are called by Jesus to realize that because of our sin we cannot work our way upward onto the central seat on the civilization altar, nor scale and remain on a church steeple built tall and climb into heaven by our deeds. Sinful persons may even try to dig a burdensome foundation for a particular whited sepulcher, attempting to garner what they believe to be socialistic heaven; but faith-filled disciples know that forgiveness is already theirs in Christ.
 However, we may work lightly alongside others to build a more faithful church. This ability comes to us through faith given by the love of God. Any disciple who follows Christ truly does not need to dig for a seat at the heavenly feast! Our Lord's beloved disciples yet till the earth heartily out of thankfulness for the seat that has already been set aside for us.
 Summarily, we know that only through displaying this hearty thankfulness can we be seen as truly obedient as disciples. We may securely give of our substance knowing that our acceptable confession may be made and forgiveness is ours... and not for our sake of our goodness... but for the sake of Jesus Christ. By grace we can receive baptism and attend the Holy Supper, being fed the real presence of Christ. All of this miraculous benefit occurs so that we can prayerfully go forth and point God’s great love out to others. This is done so that they too may be brought to see God.
 Therefore, I implore you as sisters and brothers in Christ, let us participate actively in this mission as disciples. May we work the works of the Holy Spirit, so that the gift of God shall be recognized by those who receive the good news.

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